Sockets and adapters are components used in electronic devices and networks that allow for physical electrical connection and the transfer of data between two separate devices. Sockets are components that allow the connection of a physical device or plug into a computer or other electronic device. Adapters are components that plug into a socket and provide additional functions such as converting power sources or changing voltage levels. They provide a secure, reliable connection between two electronic devices, allowing them to communicate with each other. Socket and adapters come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and connections, depending on the application and device they are intended to be used with.